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Research Publications

PubMed, Google Scholar

Original Research

  1. Wang H, Bajaj SS, Williams KM, Pickering JM, Heiler JC, Manjunatha K, O'Donnell CT, Sanchez M, Boyd JH. Impact of advanced clinical fellowship training on future research productivity and career advancement in adult cardiac surgery. Surgery. May 2021;169(5):1221-1227. doi:10.1016/j.surg.2020.06.016

  2. Williams KM, Hironaka CE, Wang H, Bajaj SS, O'Donnell CT, Sanchez M, Boyd J, Kane L, Backhus L. Women in Thoracic Surgery Scholarship: Impact on Career Path and Interest in Cardiothoracic Surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. Jul 2021;112(1):302-307. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2020.07.020

  3. Bajaj SS, Wang H, Williams KM, Pickering JM, Heiler JC, Manjunatha K, Sanchez M, O'Donnell CT, Boyd JH. Career Research Productivity Correlates With Medical School Ranking Among Cardiothoracic Surgeons. J Surg Res. Aug 2021;264:99-106. doi:10.1016/j.jss.2021.01.008

  4. Bajaj SS, Wang H, Williams KM, Pickering JM, Heiler JC, Manjunatha K, O'Donnell CT, Sanchez M, Boyd JH. New Attending Surgeons Hired by Their Training Institution Exhibit Greater Research Productivity. Ann Thorac Surg. Oct 2021;112(4):1342-1348. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2020.09.026

  5. Mehaffey JH, Wang H, Narahari AK, Bajaj SS, Chandrabhatla AS, Krupnick AS, Sellke FW, Rosengart TK, Woo YJ. The impact of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery on National Institutes of Health grant funding for cardiothoracic surgeons. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. Oct 28 2021;doi:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2021.10.031

  6. Wang H, Bajaj SS, Williams KM, Heiler JC, Pickering JM, Manjunatha K, O'Donnell CT, Sanchez M, Boyd JH. Early Engagement in Cardiothoracic Surgery Research Enhances Future Academic Productivity. Ann Thorac Surg. Nov 2021;112(5):1664-1671. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2020.10.013

  7. Wang H, Pargaonkar VS, Hironaka CE, Bajaj SS, Abbot CJ, O'Donnell CT, Miller SL, Honda Y, Rogers IS, Tremmel JA, Fischbein MP, Mitchell RS, Schnittger I, Boyd JH. Off-Pump Minithoracotomy Versus Sternotomy for Left Anterior Descending Myocardial Bridge Unroofing. Ann Thorac Surg. Nov 2021;112(5):1474-1482. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2020.11.02

  8. Wang H, Bajaj SS, Krishnan A, Heiler JC, Heiler JC, Pickering JM, Manjunatha K, O'Donnell CT, Sanchez M, Boyd JH. Characterization of Cardiothoracic Surgeons Actively Leading Basic Science Research. J Surg Res. Dec 2021;268:371-380. doi:10.1016/j.jss.2021.06.065

  9. Claridy MD, Czepiel KS, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Treatment of Obesity: Pharmacotherapy Trends of Office-Based Visits in the United States From 2011 to 2016. Mayo Clin Proc. Dec 2021;96(12):2991-3000. doi:10.1016/j.mayocp.2021.07.021

  10. Bajaj SS, Wang H, Williams KM, Pickering JM, Heiler JC, Manjunatha K, O'Donnell CT, Sanchez M, Boyd JH. National Institutes of Health R01 Grant Funding Is Associated With Enhanced Research Productivity and Career Advancement Among Academic Cardiothoracic Surgeons. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. Winter 2021;33(4):1047-1056. doi:10.1053/j.semtcvs.2020.12.002

  11. Bajaj SS, Wang H, Williams KM, Krishnan A, Heiler JC, Pickering JM, Manjunatha K, O'Donnell CT, Sanchez M, Boyd JH. Characterization of academic cardiothoracic surgeons who started as attendings in private or community practice. Surgery. Feb 2022;171(2):348-353. doi:10.1016/j.surg.2021.06.012

  12. Wang H, Bajaj SS, Heiler JC, Krishnan A, Williams KM, Woo YJ, Boyd JH. Quantitative goals for research output and scholarly impact to enhance basic science R01 grant renewal for cardiothoracic surgeons. JTCVS Open. Mar 2022;9:162-175. doi:10.1016/j.xjon.2021.10.063

  13. Patel DC, Wang H, Bajaj SS, Williams KM, Pickering JM, Heiler JC, Manjunatha K, O'Donnell CT, Sanchez M, Boyd JH, Backhus LM. The Academic Impact of Advanced Clinical Fellowship Training among General Thoracic Surgeons. J Surg Educ. Mar-Apr 2022;79(2):417-425. doi:10.1016/j.jsurg.2021.09.003

  14. Jain B, Bajaj SS, Paguio JA, Yao JS, Casipit BA, Dee EC, Bhatt DL. Socioeconomic disparities in healthcare utilization for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Am Heart J. Apr 2022;246:161-165. doi:10.1016/j.ahj.2022.01.011

  15. Townsend MJ, Claridy MD, Bajaj SS, Tu L, Stanford FC. Obesity and Eligibility for Obesity Treatments Among Adults With Disabilities in the U.S. Am J Prev Med. May 22 2022;doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2022.04.003

  16. Williams KM, Wang H, Bajaj SS, Hironaka CE, Kasinpila P, O'Donnell CT, Sanchez M, Watkins AC, Lui NS, Backhus LM, Boyd J. Career Progression and Research Productivity of Women in Academic Cardiothoracic Surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. May 25 2022;doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2022.04.057

  17. Bajaj SS, Jain B, Dee EC, Wo JY, Qadan M. Trends in Location of Death for Individuals with Pancreatic Cancer in the United States. Ann Surg Oncol. May 2022;29(5):2766-2768. doi:10.1245/s10434-021-11058-y

  18. Obafemi OO, Wang H, Bajaj SS, O'Donnell CT, Elde S, Boyd JH. An automated line-clearing chest tube system after cardiac surgery. JTCVS Open. Jun 2022;10:246-253. doi:10.1016/j.xjon.2022.02.020

  19. Wang H, Bajaj SS, Williams KM, O'Donnell CT, Heiler JC, Krishnan A, Pickering JM, Sanchez M, Manjunatha K, Kumar SS, Yu MM, Boyd JH. Analyzing the Scholarly Impact of Cardiothoracic Surgery Research Using the Relative Citation Ratio. J Surg Res. Jul 2022;275:265-272. doi:10.1016/j.jss.2022.02.007

  20. Wang H, Bajaj SS, Manjunatha K, Yu MM, Obafemi OO, Williams KM, Boyd JH. Diminishing Basic Science Research Experience Among United States Cardiothoracic Surgery Trainees. J Surg Res. Jul 6 2022;279:312-322. doi:10.1016/j.jss.2022.06.020

  21. Bajaj SS, Shah KM, Potter AL, Mayne NR, Sachdeva UM, Lin MW, Yang CJ. Early vs Delayed Surgery for Esophageal Cancer During the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Am Coll Surg. Aug 1 2022;235(2):174-184. doi:10.1097/xcs.000000000000024

  22. Bajaj SS, Patel HH, Fann JI, Ma M, Lui NS. Virtual Surgical Skills Training in a High School Summer Program. Ann Thorac Surg. Aug 5 2022;doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2022.07.034

  23. Mayne NR, Bajaj SS, Powell J, Elser HC, Civiello BS, Fintelmann FJ, Li X, Yang CJ. Extended Delay to Treatment for Stage III-IV Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer and Survival: Balancing Risks During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Clin Lung Cancer. Sep 2022;23(6):e362-e376. doi:10.1016/j.cllc.2022.05.001

  24. Bajaj SS, Wang H, Williams KM, Heiler JC, Pickering JM, Manjunatha K, O'Donnell CT, Sanchez M, Boyd JH. Impact of PhD Degree Versus Non-PhD Research Fellowship on Future Research Productivity Among Academic Cardiothoracic Surgeons. World J Surg. Oct 2022;46(10):2526-2535. doi:10.1007/s00268-022-06661-3

  25. Zhong A, Bajaj SS, Khunte M, Dang N, Stanford FC. Trends in Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Reimbursement in the United States. Obes Surg. Oct 19 2022;32(12):4110-4112. doi:10.1007/s11695-022-06329-w

  26. Bajaj SS, Jain B, Potter AL, Dee EC, Yang CJ. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in End-of-Life Care for Patients with Esophageal Cancer: Death Trends Over Time. Lancet Reg Health Am. Jan 2023;17. doi: 10.1016/j.lana.2022.100401

  27. Jain U, Jain B, Dee EC, Bajaj SS, Paguio JA, Yao JS, Gomez DR, Celi LA, Drilon A. Trends in Location of Death for Individuals with Metastatic Lung Cancer in the United States. Am J Surg. Feb 24 2023:S0002-9610(23)00085-5. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2023.02.017

  28. Jain B*, Bajaj SS*, Patel TA, Vapiwala N, Lam MB, Mahal BA, Muralidhar V, Amen TB, Sanford NN, Dee EC. Colon Cancer Disparities in Stage at Presentation and Time to Surgery for Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders: A Study with Disaggregated Ethnic Groups. Ann Surg Oncol. Apr 5 2023:1–11. doi: 10.1245/s10434-023-13339-0 *Denotes co-first authorship

  29. Obafemi OO, Mullis DM, Bajaj SS, Krishan P, Boyd JH. Results following implementation of a Cardiac Surgery ERAS Protocol. PLoS One. Jul 14 2023;18(7):e0277868. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0277868

  30. Potter AL, Vaddaraju V, Venkateswaran S, Mansur A, Bajaj SS, Kiang MV, Jena AB, Yang CJ. Deaths Due to COVID-19 in Patients With Cancer During Different Waves of the Pandemic in the US. JAMA Onc. Aug 31 2023. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2023.3066

  31. Sonal S, Jain B, Bajaj SS, Dee EC, Boudreau C, Cusack JC, Kunitake H, Goldstone R, Bordeianou LG, Cauley Md CE, Francone TD, Ricciardi R, Qadan M, Berger DL. Trends and Determinants of Location of Death due to Colorectal Cancer in the United States. Ann Surg Oncol. Oct 31 2023. doi: 10.1245/s10434-023-14337-y

  32. Bui VDA, Nguyen D, Pizano A, Rutledge-Jukes H, Iheagwaram CS, Bajaj SS, Pham CTV, Phan TQ, Van DH, Vguyen NH, Akbar AF, Vervoort D, Nguyen DH. Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Repair with Artificial Chordae: Insights from a 6-Year Single-Center Study. J Card Surg. Dec 6 2023. doi: 10.1155/2023/5510950

  33. Anekwe CV, Ahn VJ, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Pharmacotherapy causing weight gain and metabolic alteration in those with obesity and obesity-related conditions: a review. Ann N Y Acad Sci. Feb 22, 2024. doi: 10.1111/nyas.15112

  34. Doshi R, Amin K, Koshla P, Bajaj SS, Chheang S, Forman HF. Quantitative Evaluation of Large Language Models to Streamline Radiology Report Impressions: A Multimodal, Retrospective Analysis. Radiology. Mar 2024;310(3):e231593. doi: 10.1148/radiol.231593.

  35. Amen TB, Dee EC, Varady NH, Amen LJ, Bovonratwet P, Jain B, Bajaj SS, Goodman SM. Contemporary Patterns of Financial Toxicity Among Patients with Rheumatologic Disease in the United States. Journal of Clinical Rheumatology.​ In press.

  36. McCabe K, Zhu Y, Bajaj SS, Martin AF. Healthcare-Based Voter Registration: A New Venue to Increase Voter Participation. JAMA Health Forum. In press.

  37. Bajaj SS, Wang H, Kumas SS, Williams KM, Boyd JH. Impact of American Heart Association Awards on the Academic Careers of Cardiac Surgeons. J Am Heart Assoc. In press.


  1. Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Beyond Tuskegee - Vaccine Distrust and Everyday Racism. N Engl J Med. Feb 4 2021;384(5):e12. doi:10.1056/NEJMpv2035827

  2. Potter AL, Bajaj SS, Yang CJ. The 2021 USPSTF lung cancer screening guidelines: a new frontier. Lancet Respir Med. Jul 2021;9(7):689-691. doi:10.1016/s2213-2600(21)00210-1

  3. Bajaj SS, Tu L, Stanford FC. Words matter, humanity matters: alienating non-citizens from the COVID-19 vaccine. Postgrad Med J. Aug 2021;97(1150):481-482. doi:10.1136/postgradmedj-2021-140212

  4. Tu L, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. What the COVID-19 pandemic can teach us about inclusive blood donation. Blood Transfus. Sep 2021;19(5):357-359. doi:10.2450/2021.0191-21

  5. Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. The New CDC Mask Guidance: A Catastrophe for Health Equity. J Gen Intern Med. Oct 2021;36(10):3217-3218. doi:10.1007/s11606-021-07026-7

  6. Bajaj SS, Martin AF, Stanford FC. Health-based civic engagement is a professional responsibility. Oct 2021;27(10):1661-1663. doi:10.1038/s41591-021-01523-2

  7. Bajaj SS, Tu L, Stanford FC. Superhuman, but never enough: Black women in medicine. Lancet. Oct 16 2021;398(10309):1398-1399. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(21)02217-0

  8. Jain B*, Bajaj SS*, Noorulhuda M, Crews RD. Global health responsibilities in a Taliban-led Afghanistan. Nat Med. Nov 2021;27(11):1852-1853. doi:10.1038/s41591-021-01547-8. *Denotes co-first authorship

  9. Tu L, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Locking ourselves into the past: the DentalSlim Diet Control device and an incomplete understanding of obesity. Int J Obes (Lond). Dec 2021;45(12):2513-2514. doi:10.1038/s41366-021-00956-6

  10. Jain B, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. All Infrastructure Is Health Infrastructure. Am J Public Health. Jan 2022;112(1):24-26. doi:10.2105/ajph.2021.306595

  11. Jain B, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Randomized clinical trials of weight loss: Pragmatic and digital strategies and innovations. Contemp Clin Trials. Mar 2022;114:106687. doi:10.1016/j.cct.2022.106687

  12. Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. The Ukrainian refugee crisis and the pathology of racism. BMJ. Mar 11 2022;376:o661. doi:10.1136/bmj.o661

  13. Bajaj SS, Maki L, Stanford FC. Vaccine apartheid: global cooperation and equity. Lancet. Apr 16 2022;399(10334):1452-1453. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(22)00328-2

  14. Bajaj SS, Jain B, Kyle TK, Gallagher C, Stanford FC, Srivastava G. Overcoming congressional inertia on obesity requires better literacy in obesity science. Obesity (Silver Spring). Apr 2022;30(4):799-801. doi:10.1002/oby.23405

  15. Yee V, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Building a pandemic supply chain - equity over equality. Nat Med. Apr 2022;28(4):609-610. doi:10.1038/s41591-022-01748-9

  16. Bajaj SS, Zhong A, Jain B, Stanford FC. The Infrastructure Bill—Investing in Environmental Justice & Health Equity. Milbank Q. June 6, 2022.

  17. Yee V, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Paradox of telemedicine: building or neglecting trust and equity. Lancet Digit Health. Jul 2022;4(7):e480-e481. doi:10.1016/s2589-7500(22)00100-5

  18. Roser P, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. International lack of equity in modern obesity therapy: the critical need for change in health policy. Int J Obes (Lond). Sep 2022;46(9):1571-1572. doi:10.1038/s41366-022-01176-2

  19. Bajaj SS, Mandell S, Epstein A, Lim R. The hidden surgical humanitarian response in Ukraine. Int J Surg. Sep 2022;105:106865. doi:10.1016/j.ijsu.2022.106865

  20. Jiang Y, Zhong A, Bajaj SS, Guyatt G. Reforming global health governance in the face of pandemics and war. BMJ. Sep 13 2022;378:o2216. doi:10.1136/bmj.o2216

  21. Nguyen D, Bajaj SS, Ahmed D, Stanford FC. Protecting marginalized women's mental health in the post-Dobbs era. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Sep 23 2022;119(40):e2212012119. doi:10.1073/pnas.2212012119

  22. Bajaj SS, Pan M, Potter AL, Yang CJ. Cigarette package labels to promote lung cancer screening. Nat Med. Oct 13 2022;28(12):2460-2461. doi:10.1038/s41591-022-02042-4

  23. Kim J, Kim J, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. COVID-19 Pandemic Relief Funding-A Lifeline for Equity. Am J Infect Control. Oct 13 2022;S0196-6553(22)00732-5. doi:10.1016/j.ajic.2022.10.002

  24. Nguyen D, Patel S, Jain N, Bajaj SS, Ngoma T, Ngwa W. Bridging the Gap: Promoting Equity and Diversity in Global Oncology Research Within Sub-Saharan Africa. BMJ Oncology. Jan 19 2023;2:e000013. doi: 10.1136/bmjonc-2022-000013

  25. Sabet C, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Recruitmentology and the Politics of Consent in Clinical Research. Lancet. Jan 28 2023;401(10373):262-263. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(23)00122-8

  26. Doshi RH, Bajaj SS, Krumholz HM. ChatGPT: Temptations of Progress. Am J Bioeth. Feb 28 2023:1-3. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2023.2180110

  27. Zhong A, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Out of the Frying Pan into the Fire: COVID-19 as a Roadmap for Integrated Chronic Disease Prevention. J Public Health Manag Pract Mar-Apr 2023;29(2):117-119. doi:10.1097/PHH.0000000000001694

  28. Aaron DG, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Affirmative Action and the Supreme Court: Diversity in Medicine at Stake. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Apr 25 2023;120(17):e2220919120. doi:10.1073/pnas.2220919120

  29. Jain B, Bajaj SS, Patel TA, Vapiwala N, Lam MB, Mahal BA, Muralidhar V, Amen TB, Nguyen PL, Sanford NN, Dee EC. ASO Author Reflections: Colon Cancer Disparities in Stage at Presentation and Time to Surgery for Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders. Ann Surg Oncol. Apr 29 2023. doi: 10.1245/s10434-023-13560-x

  30. Sabet CJ, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Academic hierarchies are an uphill struggle for black women. BMJ. Aug 2 2023;382:p1784. doi: 10.1136/bmj.p1784

  31. ​Tandar CE, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Recruitment to Retention – Addressing the Needs and Driving Improvement Within the Rural Physician Pipeline. Am J Med Sci. Sep 29 2023;S0002-9629(23)01364-2. doi: 10.1016/j.amjms.2023.09.025

  32. Sabet CJ, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC, Celi LA. Equity in Scientific Publishing: Can AI Transform the Peer Review Process?  MCP: Digital Health. Nov 14 2023;1(4):P596-600. doi:10.1016/j.mcpdig.2023.10.002

  33. Nguyen D, Jain N, Gupta A, Sabet C, Bajaj SS, Patel S, Rutledge-Jukes H, Diaz MJ, Do Le B, Hamati OA, Amir M, Ristovski S, Ngoma T, Ngwa W. Digital Roots: Harnessing Digital Platforms in Advancing Traditional and Complementary Medicine for Cancer Care in Sub-Saharan Africa. ecancermedicalscience. Mar 14 2024:18:ed132. doi: 10.3332/ecancer.2024.ed132

  34. Tandar CE, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Understanding Medical Misinformation through Social Media and Artificial Intelligence. MCP: Digital Health. In press.

  35. Sabet CJ, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Community Review Boards: A Path to Research Equity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. In press.

  36. Bajaj SS, Zhong A, Zhang AL, Stanford FC. BMI Thresholds for Asians: A Race Correction in Need of Correction? Ann Intern Med. In press.

Histories, Case Reports, Letters to the Editor, Miscellaneous

  1. Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Dignity and Respect: People-First Language with Regard to Obesity. Obes Surg. Jun 2021;31(6):2791-2792. doi:10.1007/s11695-021-05304-1

  2. Bajaj SS. Wealthy White Men Only: Examining the American Medical Association's Use of the Flexner Report as Propaganda to Reform Medical Education. Synthesis. Fall 2021;7:7-21.

  3. Tu L, Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. Promoting stigma. Br Dent J. Dec 2021;231(11):663-664. doi:10.1038/s41415-021-3735-z

  4. Bajaj SS, Tu L, Stanford FC. Respectful language and putting the person first with obesity. Eur Heart J. Feb 3 2022;43(5):430. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehab837

  5. Bajaj SS, Stanford FC. COVID-19: LMICs need antivirals as well as vaccines. Nature. Feb 2022;602(7895):33. doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00220-5

  6. Bajaj SS, Jain B, Stanford FC. Weight gain after in vitro fertilization: a potential consequence of controlled ovarian stimulation. J Assist Reprod Genet. Apr 2022;39(4):973-976. doi:10.1007/s10815-022-02444-w

  7. Jain B, Bajaj SS, Amen TB, Dee EC, Palakodeti S. Orthogeriatric co-management care models: The need for integrated practice units. Lancet Reg Health West Pac. Apr 2022;21:100416. doi:10.1016/j.lanwpc.2022.100416

  8. Bajaj SS, Fann JI. History of Surgery for Mitral Stenosis: John Mayow to Charles Bailey. Ann Thorac Surg. Jun 2022;113(6):2097-2101. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2021.12.046

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